Geospatial agro-climatic characterization for assessment of potential agricultural areas in Somalia, Africa.

Mark Kipkurwa Boitt, Flomena C. Langat, John K. Kapoi

Abstract


Somalia nation has been in the past classified as a volatile and of low economic value since 1990s when the government was deemed to have collapsed. Currently the independent Somalia is turning out to be one economic back bone of the Northern and Eastern parts of Africa in trade and agriculture. This paper focuses on the agricultural potential of Somalia using geospatial techniques through characterization. Climate is characterized and described, terrain models are derived, Soil analysis and hydrological assessment are also analyzed. Agroclimatic maps are developed to show suitable and unsuitable areas for agricultural production. The terrain of Somalia is more of a flat plain coupled with river basins that can be used as arable lands for agriculture. The ground water points can sustainably irrigate large number of parcels for crop production. Through GIS technology adopted for this particular work, two basins were mapped out to be possible agricultural potential areas: Juba and Shabelle. The assessment indicates that crop production can be achieved through irrigating of the arable plains and not relying so much on rain-fed agricultural systems. Agro-climatic zones of Somalia are delineated mainly due the amount of rainfall, temperature ranges and terrain patterns. With this study, farmers can be advised on which area to focus for crop production. The agricultural potential that lies in Somalia is so huge it could be named the future food basket of Africa, who knows?

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DOI: 10.17700/jai.2018.9.3.479

Journal of Agricultural Informatics